Ancient Greek Crossword Puzzle


The answer key will be posted here when five correct answers have been received, or one week after the first correct answer, or two weeks from the date of posting (June 9th, 2005, 12 noon EDT), whichever comes first.

To submit your answer, just send me an e-mail with your name and address and the answers in this format:


In other words, use a dash to represent the blank spaces in the puzzle, and put each line of the puzzle on a separate line in your e-mail.  Transliterate any letter that can be expressed as a single letter in English, using H for Eta and W for Omega. Use Ph for Phi, Ch or Xh (whichever you prefer) for Chi, R or Rh (whichever you prefer) for initial Rho. Making the second letter minuscule will show that it is to be taken with the preceding: thus RH = rho-eta, but Rh = rho+rough breathing. That should be efficient and unambiguous. Accents, breathings, diaereses, and iotas subscript are ignored for the purpose of this puzzle.

One submission per person, please. Do not try to post answers or questions in the comments. Those will be deleted before they appear, since I have comment moderation.




General and Complex Clues:
The first, fourth, and seventh rows contain three Greek sentences, one per row, which form a complete set, matched in some way. (If I told you more, it would be too easy.) With one exception (be alert!), there will be no further clues to 1, 4, 17, 19, 27, 28, 30, and 31 across. The author in whose works these three sentences are found is named in the tenth row (37 across), where the name is nominative.

1 down, 3 down, and 7 across are three different particles, used in much the same way to express similar things. Once you know one, the other two should be easy.

4 down, 40 down, and 42 down are synonyms, two for verse and dialects, the other for 'normal' Greek. What do they mean? That's not at all easy to say.

8 down, 28 across, and 34 down are three different prepositions that may be used with three different cases.  (Three each, I should add, so you won't think it's a trick question.)

10 down and 24 across are synonyms, one enclitic, the other not.

13 down and 44 across are synonyms, or partial synonyms, one proclitic, the other not.

41 across and 41 down are a pair of proclitic antonyms. How many such pairs are there?


The Rest of the Clues:

8.   May be a moral virtue, or a commercial virtue, or the word or deed that testifies to possession of one or both of the preceding.
13.   In Homer, may be a conjunction, or an aorist imperative, or a 3rd person singular aorist -- the latter two from the same verb.
15.   The whole of this word defines the first half.
16.   Depending on the breathing, may be a future verb, or an adverb of place.  The accent is the same for both.
21.   One of Io's many interjections in the Prometheus Bound.  At least one lexicon translates it ha! oho!.
22.   Shortened epic and lyric form of a common particle.
23.   Don't let one of these near your bow!  Not often seen in the singular, as here.  Actually, one probably wouldn't be a problem.
32.   Accusative plural of a word meaning 'pipkin' (whatever that is) or olla.
33.   How long Thucydides hoped his ktêma would last:  two words.
36.   Telemachos' is holy. Do those three words give too much away?
38.   Country known for cannibalistic revenge plots and homicidal ‘groupies’.
43.   These are very tasty when cooked in various ways.  One of the best:  bury them in hot ashes in the fireplace.
45.   These are also very tasty, and could be used to make haggis.
2.   Epic imperfect of a very common verb.
5.   Doric goddess.
6.   'Steep, lofty, utter' -- and neuter.
9.   Euripidean protagonist -- but does the play survive complete?
11.   May be a bug or a bird. Mentioned in Alkman, but not in the Middle Liddell. If you don't have a big Liddell, make sure you get 16 across right.
12.   Prefix found in many Greek names, including one of the most famous. Add 17 down to get the dative of an Aiginetan pentathlete. (Hint: how would we know his name?)
14.   I _____ it, so I had to buy it.
17.   Dative singular of a very common noun, used as a paradigm in many textbooks.
18.   The "police commissioners" of Athens, not spelled out but represented in some other way.
19.   In English, this is golden. Maybe in Greek, too, but I'm too lazy to check.
20.   Back again; in return.
24.   This action would be useful for a poet or a party-giver, in entirely different ways.
25.   Could be an imperfect of 'go' or a pluperfect of 'know'.
26.   Greek philosopher and mathematician. One of Horace's Odes is commonly named after him.
29.   An Aristophanic dog sound, or an adverb having nothing to do with dogs.
30.   Could this be a dual, or a dialect form, or did I just misspell it, misled by the English name? It would have come in handy for the speaker of 14 down.
35.   Bands, troops, crowds.  Correction:  non-Attic dative of 'propitious, gracious'.
38.   Shortest of all the forms of tithemi?  At two letters, it must be one of the shortest. No, I won't tell you the person, number, tense, voice, or mood, except that it's not indicative.
39.   Same as 22 across -- so sue me for breaking the rules.